The danger of any brain tumors is that as a result of their growth, brain tissue is compressed, nerve cells die, the blood supply to brain structures is reduced or stopped, and intracranial pressure increases. Find out what symptoms of brain tumors are characteristic of different types of neoplasms.
Brain tumors and their symptoms
Brain tumors are a group of diseases that develop in the brain or internal structures of the cranial cavity. They account for about 6% of all types of neoplasms in the human body.
The risk of developing a brain tumor increases with age, according to statistics, most of the patients with such pathology are people who have crossed the 40-year mark. Although there are types of tumor formations that are diagnosed only in children.
In addition to age, other risk factors for developing brain tumors include:
- the presence of traumatic brain injury;
- bad ecology;
- radiation exposure and contact with toxic substances in the workplace;
- violation of intrauterine development, leading to congenital tumors;
- family predisposition to genetic mutations.
Tumor-like formations in the brain are usually divided into benign and malignant.
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Distinctive features of benign tumors are slow development without germination in neighboring tissue structures and organs, and the absence of metastasis. After their removal, there is no recurrence.
Malignant tumors are more aggressive and tend to return even after treatment. In addition, oncological formation of the brain is also commonly classified as a primary or secondary tumor. The development of the primary begins from the tissues of the brain, and the secondary is the result of metastasis from any organ.
Signs of brain tumors are very diverse, their manifestations are due to the size, location, and speed of development of the pathology.
Let us dwell on the general symptoms that are characteristic of many tumor-like formations:
1.Headache. Almost all patients complain of recurrent headaches, although they do not suggest that it may be the result of tumor growth.
2.Muscle spasms and convulsions. This is the most common phenomenon in violations of the functions of the central nervous system due to a tumor process in the brain.
3.Feeling of nausea, and vomiting. Due to increased intracranial pressure, the patient experiences nausea in the morning, which is not associated with indigestion.
4.Visual disorder. Brain tumors can affect the optic nerves, so the patient has a gradual deterioration in vision.
5.Personal change. The location of a tumor-like formation in a certain part of the brain leads to mental disorders.
6.Problems with speech and hearing. Loss of communication skills is associated with tumors in the frontal and parietal lobes of the brain.
7.Memory impairment. Patients complain of emerging memory problems, and memory loss.
8.Weakness and fatigue. Brain tumors lead to exhaustion of the body, the patient experiences constant physical fatigue.
9.Difficulty maintaining coordination of movements. With the development of tumor-like formations in the brain, the patient’s balance when walking, and coordination of arms and legs are disturbed.
10.endocrine disorders. Tumors affecting the pituitary gland lead to hormonal disorders.
Even with the slightest suspicion of the development of a tumor-like formation, it is necessary to immediately undergo an examination, and if the diagnosis is confirmed, begin therapeutic procedures. Treatment of malignant brain tumors does not tolerate delay, as this may adversely affect the results of therapy. Modern foreign clinics have advanced technological resources to successfully deal with various types of intracranial formations. Please note that any brain surgery is a complex process that requires the high professionalism of the doctor, even with cutting-edge equipment. If we compare the cost of cancer treatment abroad, then in Israel the prices for medical services compare favorably with the prices of other countries.
How to detect a brain tumor?
A multidisciplinary approach to the treatment of brain tumors abroad implies high-quality diagnostics, correctly selected therapeutic procedures, a rehabilitation course, social adaptation of the patient, and qualified psychotherapeutic assistance.
The main methods for detecting tumor-like formations in the brain today are:
- CT scan. This study is carried out with suspicious pathology in the early stages of the disease.
- Nuclear magnetic resonance. The procedure allows you to get an image of the tumor, to determine its characteristics.
- Whole-body PET. The examination helps diagnose the primary tumor, as well as evaluate the spread of abnormal cells if there are metastases. This method is often used in the diagnosis and treatment of brain cancer abroad.
In addition to these methods, to clarify the diagnosis after consultation with specialists, other additional diagnostic manipulations may be required, including ventriculostomy and stereotaxic biopsy, which are complex procedures.
Symptoms and stages of benign brain tumors
The development of low-quality brain tumors proceeds quite quickly, so it is necessary to be sensitive to any failures and disturbances in the body so as not to miss the alarming symptoms.
Stage 1 cancer in the brain
At this stage, cancer can be detected using special diagnostics. Symptoms of the disease coincide with the signs of other diseases. Weakness, drowsiness, dizziness, and pain in different areas of the head, the patient usually associates with climatic changes or weakened immunity.
stage 2 brain cancer
When the pathological process passes to the next stage, further growth of abnormal cells occurs, they begin to compress the brain and disrupt its normal functioning. The patient may have problems with the gastrointestinal tract, vomiting, and seizures.
Stage 3 oncology in the brain
At stage 3, the tumor affects the surrounding healthy structures, spreading very quickly. The symptoms of the patient appear even brighter. Noticeable problems with memory, hearing, speech, vision, and vestibular apparatus. Horizontal nystagmus (involuntary movements of the eyeball) at this stage is a hallmark of a malignant brain tumor.
Stage 4 of cancer in the brain
Abnormal cells in this case are in vital areas of the brain, so the symptoms are associated with the loss of the corresponding basis functions. For the treatment of cancer abroad, palliative techniques, radio irradiation, and the use of painkillers are used.
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5 ways to prevent brain tumors
Speaking about the prevention of brain tumors, it is enough to follow simple rules:
- Get medical check-ups at least once a year.
- Lead a healthy lifestyle without smoking or drinking alcohol.
- Follow the principles of a healthy diet.
- Strengthen your immune system by exercising regularly.
- Avoid stress and depression, and fully relax.
The prognosis for brain tumors
Until now, in the minds of people, any pathological neoplasm of the brain is associated with an incurable disease, but the latest methods for diagnosing and treating brain tumors in Israel prove that this is not at all the case.
A favorable prognosis largely depends on the complex therapeutic procedures started at the early stages of the disease, as well as the degree of benignness of the tumor process. The key to effective treatment of a malignant brain tumor is timely detection, and obtaining complete information about its size, localization, and stage of development.
Patients from other countries often turn to Israeli oncology centers, because local doctors have recognized the tumor as inoperable. And in this case, Israeli specialists, who have mastered the most advanced treatment technologies, work a real miracle, saving the patient, preserving his brain function, and improving his quality of life.
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